Diaverum Albania celebrates World Kidney Day  

 To emphasize the importance of this day, increasing kidney health education and awareness among children, the Medical and Nursing Team of Diaverum Albania have this wonderful idea to arrange a basic lecture about the kidneys, aiming public middle schools. Our nephrologist provided the lesson in persons about how kidneys work and how to keep them healthy. The activity had a great impact and a flow of questions followed the lectures. It was nice having a master in class proffesionist, teaching a lesson from the schoolbook. 

Here is the information we shared with them. 

 

Why do we have kidneys? 

The kidneys are vital to human survival. They have some extremely important functions. Their main functions are to filter waste substances from the blood (end products) and to balance the levels of salts and water in the body. 

Location of the kidneys 

The kidneys are bean-shaped and about the same size as your fist. They are located on both sides of the spine, at the bottom of your ribs. 

How the kidneys work 

Approximately 1,500 liters of blood pass through the kidneys every day and is filtered, thanks to approximately one million small filters. These filters are called nephrons and are so small that can be seen only through a microscope. Most kidney diseases are caused by damage to the nephrons. 

The blood needs to be cleansed 

One of the main functions of the kidneys is to constantly filter the end products of our metabolism. It can be said that your kidneys are the 'cleansing station' for the blood. If the kidneys do not remove waste, they will accumulate in the blood and severely damage the body. 

The kidneys have other functions as well 

They play an important role in balancing the volume of fluids and minerals in your body. 

Elimination of waste and water 

Substances that are filtered in the kidneys are mixed with water and converted into urine. Urine is eliminated from the kidneys through small tubes (ureters) and collects in the bladder. 

The kidneys are always at work 

The kidneys also produce active vitamin D, which is needed for the absorption of calcium from food. Calcium, among other things, is important for building bones. In addition, the kidneys help regulate blood pressure and stimulate the production of red blood cells. Therefore, without a doubt, kidney function is essential to your well-being. 

How do we help our kidneys? 

Physical activity is important for our whole body, but also for the kidneys in particular. Remember that everything you eat will be filtered through the kidneys, so we need to be careful in the type of diet and salts we use. 

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